enter C: into the address bar so that you are looking at your local hard drive. Next, select
the Folder Options command from the Tools menu. When the Folder Options properties
sheet opens, select the View tab. Now, just select the Show Hidden Files and Folders and...
deselect the Hide Extensions for Known File Types and the Hide Protected Operating
System Files check boxes. Click OK to continue.
Booting from the USB flash drive
Now that you have formatted your USB flash drive and installed the boot files onto it, the
next thing that you must do is to configure your PC to allow you to boot from the flash
drive. This is all done through the computer's BIOS Setup. I can't give you specific
instructions for this part, because every computer is different. I can give you a few
You can access your computer's BIOS by pressing a specific key immediately after you turn the PC on. The key varies, but it is usually either [F1], [F2], or [Delete]. Once you are in the BIOS Setup, you should verify that all of your computer's USB options are enabled. This might include things like support for legacy USB devices or support for USB 2.0. If there is a time out setting for USB devices, you should set it to the max to insure that the system doesn't time out while waiting on the USB device to boot.
Next, find the section on boot device priority. Normally, a USB flash drive (which is
usually listed as USB-HDD, but may be listed as a removable device) will have a very
low boot priority. If the USB flash drive's boot priority is lower than the hard disk (listed
as HDD) then the only time the computer would ever boot off of the USB flash drive is if
the system were to fail to boot from the hard disk. You must therefore rearrange the boot
device priority so that the flash drive has a higher priority than the hard drive.
Now that we have finally made it through all of the prep work, it's time to start setting up Windows. As you have probably already guessed, the process of installing Windows to a flash drive is quite a bit different from your normal, run of the mill installation. There are a couple of reasons for this.
For starters, a full blown Windows XP deployment takes up over a Gigabyte of hard disk space. When you are installing to a flash drive, disk space is a scarce commodity. Even if you have over a Gigabyte of space on your flash drive, you probably don't want to use it all on Windows. It would be nice to have room to install a few applications. Therefore, you need to trim the excess fat off of Windows.
The other reason why the installation process is so different from the usual Windows
installation is because Windows Setup is not designed to install Windows to a flash drive.
You therefore have to configure Windows using an alternate method.
The PEBuilder utility that you downloaded earlier can take care of both of these issues.
PEBuilder is designed to create a build of Windows XP (or Windows Server 2003) that
does not take up as much space as a full blown installation. Once you create this new
build, you can copy it to the flash drive. For right now, I will show you how to create a
basic Windows build and copy it to the memory stick. Unfortunately, it's rather difficult
to install applications once Windows is up and running. Therefore, after I show you how
to create a basic Windows build, I will show you how to create a build that includes some
Begin the process by opening PEBuilder. When you open PEBuilder,
Simply enter the path to the Windows installation files (the ones from your Windows XP with Service Pack 2 installation CD).
Next, verify that the Create ISO Image and the Burn to CD check boxes are not selected
and then click the Build button. PEBuilder will now create the new Windows build.
You must use PEBuilder to create a Windows build that will work with a flash drive.
Now, it's time to copy Windows to the flash drive. To do so, you will have to use a special
batch file that's included with PEBuilder. Open a Command Prompt window and navigate
USB port and then execute the file PEINST.CMD.
PEBuilder uses a batch file to install Windows onto a flash drive.
Type 1 and press [Enter] and you will be prompted to enter the path to the build that you
have created. Enter C:\pebuilder313\BartPE. Now, type 2, press [Enter], and you will be
prompted for the target path. Enter the drive letter that Windows has assigned to your
USB flash drive. After doing so, the menu is updated as shown in Figure C. The menu
now displays the source path and the destination drive. Type 5 and press [Enter] to install
Windows to the flash drive.
Use menu option 5 to install Windows to the flash drive.
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